PMP Certification Exam Change: What to Expect?

PMP Certification Exam Change: What to Expect?

Project Management Professional (PMP)

PMP Certification Exam

The Project Management Professional (PMP) is a job that is ever evolving. Due to it constantly changing, the PMP Certification exam also has to adjust and develop. The updated exam will take place on March 26, 2018. If you are taking it on/or March of the upcoming year you will have to study from the 6th edition PMBOK® Guide. But what are the major changes and how can you best prepare for the changes of the PMP exam?

Role Of Project Manager: There is a new chapter of the book that gives guidance to project managers on how to effectively direct their projects.

Knowledge Areas: There is a more extensive look into project integration management focusing on a new process termed manage project knowledge. Manage project knowledge is creating a strategy where what is learned is spread through all facets of the organization.

Project Scope Management: Little has changed in this section, though there is more emphasis on the partnership between business analysis and the project manager.

Project Quality Management: Perform quality assurance has changed to manage quality. This transition was done because most businesses and organizations lack quality assurance in the project but rather it is part of the operations in another department.

Change In Names: There are two sections in the book that are renamed. Project time management is now Schedule Management, where the author of this books argues that one cannot manage time. Project Human Resource Management is now named Project Resource Management, arguing that there is other resources than just that of humans.

Communications: There has been stress to define communications in the context of artifacts rather than dialogue.

Project Risk Management: Risk is being more generalized in the 6th addition compared to prior additions. Furthermore, the authors added a new risk response approach called Escalate.
Project Procurement Management: This section of the book got a facelift and has more of a global approach where before it was more regional focusing on North America.

What is a level of effort activity in Primavera P6?

Oracle Primavera P6

Effort Activity in Primavera P6

Level of Effort Activity Overview

The Level of Effort Activity in Primavera P6 is a type of special activity that has a duration that is not entered by a user. Rather, it is based on the dates calculated by the successors and predecessors (and their durations) in a particular path. Primavera P6 will calculate a summary / Level of Effort (LOE) activity.

Level of Effort Activity in Primavera P6

We all know that Level of Effort Activity has been designed for the representation of work on different projects. It is the type of work that does not contributed to the results of the project but it summarizes work progress. Some of the Level of Effort Activity in Primavera P6 examples are:

• Maintenance of equipment
• Safety Meetings

• Customer / contractor meetings


Problem: I don’t see my LOE activity bar in the Gantt Chart! 

The main reason this happens is that the Level of Effort bars do not display by default. To fix this, right click on your Gantt Chart, and choose Bars. Then ‘Display’ the following bars:

Question: Is the LOE critical? 

No, it is merely a summary of a network within your project schedule. It may summarize a critical path though!

Question: How do I tie my LOE in (with logic)?

The short answer is.. Most people link it in a Start to Start relationship with the first activity in that network and a Finish to Finish with the last activity.

Have questions?

Please contact us at Global PM at any time! We would love to help.

The Time is Now: Getting started with Oracle Primavera P6

Getting started with Oracle Primavera P6

Primavera P6

Oracle Primavera P6

Oracle Primavera P6 is a tool that is used by all military and federal agencies in the United States. Actually, statistics have shown that 374 out of 400 of the top engineering companies in the United States also use it. But Oracle Primavera P6 is not only used for large-scale projects. In fact, Oracle Primavera P6 can be used for any sized project and in every industry.

1. Primavera is about streamlining experience.

What happens when everyone is on the same page? Success. What happens when everyone has an idea of what the ultimate goal is, how long it will take to get there, and how many resources they have available to use? People work harder. When the limits are clear, concise, and transparent, people do the work they need to do, and they do it on time.

2. Communication is key.

With Primavera P6, top leaders and executive staff can communicate with the individuals they need to be in touch with or everyone. Some projects may span a huge geographic location, requiring thousands of workers, and involving many different units. Let the ease of Primavera P6 communication work for you.

3. Track what is important.

The tracking features of Primavera P6 make it easy to create reports, ensure project timelines are going according to plan, and have a visual read-out on what resources may be lacking.

Put Oracle Primavera P6 to work for your next endeavor and easily track your success.

What is Oracle’s Primavera P6 Visualizer?

Oracle Primavera P6 Visualizer

Primavera P6


Oracle Primavera P6

So, what is Visualizer?

Visualizer for Primavera P6 is a software product (add-on) that provides you with a read-only, “more visually attractive” version of any project schedules you have stored in your P6 database.

The Oracle Primavera P6 Visualizer combines together the original time-scale logic diagram and the newer style Gantt chart. Gantt charts visualize the start and finish of a project and offer a summary of what steps, tools, and resources are needed, which can be a useful way to plan, schedule, and view available options for a specific project.

The Oracle Primavera P6 Visualizer can be run within P6 Primavera by clicking on “Tools” and finding the option, but it is also possible to run Oracle Primavera P6 Visualizer in a separate application, say on the desktop of which you may be working.

The wizard guides you through the process, you can choose a layout based on an existing layout you have used before or choose a new template. Once the chart loads, you will see only the default settings. Scroll to find the current date and see which projects are on your current radar.

Visualizer reports are customizable. Choose “Options” in the top right-hand corner of the screen (to the right of Save As) to make screen adjustments. It’s possible to add or remove columns, define a row, and customize the font for the selected field. These adjustments are all possible in the headers at the top of the screen.


Saving Resources: Resource Leveling with Primavera P6

Leveling tool

Primavera P6

Level Resources

Primavera P6 Leveling function


When a project is dependent on a limited amount of resources, Primavera P6 Professional’s Leveling function can be a useful tool in addressing overload situations.

The Leveler tool allows activities to be scheduled in a way that ultimately reduces or eliminates an over-commitment of available resources. This also applies to more than one activity within a project across many projects.

The Leveler can be a profitable tool to utilize in regards to capacity planning and running certain mock scenarios.

Determining priorities is the best place to start.

With Primavera, it is possible to determine priorities at the project level, activity level or both. Look for “Project Level Priority” under the general category of columns. Set a number and see how the project adjusts. The lower the number, the higher priority (think: one equals a top priority, two equals a high priority, etc.). The Leveler will calculate and move activities as the projects are being leveled.


Constraints can also be time sensitive, such as with a specific date.

If you do adjust the dates of the project you are trying to level without telling Primavera P6 Professional, the dates will return to their original position. To combat this, simply make the certain edits in “Level Resources,” “Schedule Options,” and the “Status” tab of the “Activity Details.” This will fix the start date for the activity to be in its new, proper location.

Dotted Relationship Lines in Primavera P6 – Video

We all know that…

Critical relationship lines in Primavera P6 are displayed in red. Driving Relationship lines are displayed with a solid black line.

Do you ever wonder what those DOTTED LINES represent?

Primavera Unifier: What to Expect with the Web Services Integration Approach

Primavera Unifier

Primavera P6

Web Services Integration Approach

Web Services

Primavera Unifier is an interface platform based on XML Web services that is capable of communicating with virtually any existing customer system. Primavera Unifier can import or export a variety of information, anything from business processes, workflows, budgets, internal transactions, and user data to help streamline the business. Primavera Unifier’s Web services also support newly defined business processes and forms, so there is no need for any new programming.

What are the benefits of a Web Services Integration Approach?
You can expect with Primavera Unifier that there will be a fully extensible, standards-based XML Web services interface, secure and reliable data transfers, a customizable data transfer process that most useful for you, support for both data input and export, and a flexible three-tier architecture system in addition to dynamic report generation.

Security measures these days are huge.
Web services utilize the same security measures used by many commercial websites in order to protect sensitive customer information such as online banking or credit card transactions. The most important security feature is Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). Look for a secure server by making sure the URL begins with “https” rather than “http.” When that is that case, SSL is automatically used. All information entered and received from the Website is encrypted. Primavera Unifier requires that all connections be secure.

For flexibility, dynamic report generation, and ultimate security look no further than Primavera Unifier.

Primavera P6 Training Locations
Public Primavera P6 Training

Global PM hosts public Planning and Scheduling with Primavera P6 courses in across the U.S., taught by Oracle Certified instructors. Check out our courses in:

New York City
Washington D.C.

Private Training at Your Facility

Global PM can also offer on-site (private/customized) training at your facility. Please call Wendy Jackson at (985) 781-9190 send us a message.

Virtual Primavera P6 Training

Attend a live, hands-on Primavera P6 course hosted by a Oracle Primavera certified instructor from home or work!

Training is a necessity, but so is saving time and money. That’s what Global PM’s state-of-the-art virtual training will do for you! Students anywhere in the world can attend our in-person training classes (taught by a live instructor), using a cutting edge, high-definition internet conferencing infrastructure.

Online Primavera P6 TrainingIt’s like being there in person as you participate in class exercises using P6. You will ask questions, interact with other students and learn from our Oracle Primavera P6 certified instructors.

Our training solution offers hands-on training, just as if you were in Global PM’s training lab. You only need a computer, phone (or PC with a mic and speakers), and an internet connection. Primavera software will be accessed by the student via a secure link over the internet.

 Visit our Virtual P6 course page.

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Global PM Recognized By Oracle

Global PM Primavera P6 Specialized

Global PM is Specialized in Primavera P6 EPPM 

Global PM has been a member of the Oracle’s Partner Network (Gold Level Partner) for years and it’s executive staff members have supported Primavera products since the mid 1980s. Because of it’s firm support of the Primavera product suite, Global PM Global PM decided to pursue Oracle’s prestigious “Oracle Specialized” designation for Primavera P6 Enterprise Project Portfolio Management release 8.

In the pursuit of this certification, Global PM was required to have its employees take a number of exams. Global PM exceeds the basic requirements.

  • Oracle Primavera P6 Enterprise Project Portfolio Management (EPPM) Certified Implementation Specialists: 2 certified professionals
  • Oracle Primavera P6 Specialists: 1 certified professional
  • Oracle Primavera P6 Sales Specialist: 2 certified professionals
  • Oracle Primavera P6 Pre-Sales Specialist: 2 certified professionals

You ask:What does this do for me?

O_SpecGold_PrimaveraP6EPPM8_clr75Per Oracle, “Oracle Specialized Partners possess in-depth skills and expertise in Oracle’s products, solutions or industries as demonstrated by their success in selling, developing and implementing these solutions. Partner Specialization provides a system of preference for Oracle’s customers.”

Click here to read more: P6/Global PM

Oracle Primavera User Support (OPUS)

Global PM is pleased to announce the launch of OPUS (Oracle Primavera User Support). OPUS is an affordable Primavera P6 user support solution that was created with the end user in mind. Our team of P6 certified scheduling consultants are ready to help you with any P6 issues.

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How to use Claim Digger to compare P6 files?

Claim Digger Overview

Today we will spend a little time discussing the features and functionality of the Claim Digger utility built into the P6 software application. Claim Digger is its own separate product that has been built in to P6 and is used to compares two project plans or a revised project and a baseline (target), and creates a report on the differences between the project plans including subjects like:

  • Items changed
  • Items deleted
  • Durations changed
  • Changed Values

The main features of Claim Digger include:

  • Multiple reporting formats- HTML, CSV, Text
  • Selects a base project and revised project to compare
  • Report comparison options can be turned on and off as needed

The Easy Steps to Use Claim Digger


Step 1: Go to tools menu and open Claim Digger

Step 2: After Claim Digger is launched, the main application window appears


Step 3: Specify which projects you would like to compare.

  • On the left side select therevised project
  • On the right side select theoriginal project baseline

 Step 4: Choose a report format

  • HTML file
  • CSV file
  • ASCII text file

Step 5:  Select report type and report path

Step 6:  Click the advanced button to pull up the advanced settings where you can specify what data to compare including: overall project data and activity level data

Note: You can configure what factors to compare including:

  • Costs
  • Units
  • Durations
  • Percent complete
  • Relationships

Step 7:  Click compare to generate the project difference report and view the preview


Step 8:  The project difference report outlines what projects are being compared, the user who initiated, and shows the activities that have had a value change

Step 9: After you have reviewed the data, go to file and close down the Claim Digger dialog box.

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Retained Logic versus Progress Override Options in Primavera P6 rel. 15.2

Retained Logic versus Progress Override

The foremost priority during the development of project plans in Primavera P6 is the estimation of the network logic or sequence in which the processes occur. Then we come to Critical Path Method Schedule, which requires a clear representation of network logic. The critical path method schedule is derived from the network logic as well as activity durations.

Graphical Representation

Retained Logic implies that a sequence cannot be terminated until and unless the predecessor has been terminated. The duration of activity occurring ‘out of sequence’ is scheduled for execution once the predecessor finishes. Retained logic doesn’t disrupt the network logic.

retained logic







Scheduling with Progress Override allows Primavera P6 to neglect the relationship between activities. It also schedules the remaining work of activities occurring ‘out of sequence’ from the data date. The second activity below is permitted to start before the predecessor finishes.

progress override







How to Modify Primavera P6’s Schedule Calculation Setting

In Primavera P6, you can find the ‘Schedule Options’ dialog box which allows users to choose from Progress Override, Actual Dates and Retained Logic for scheduling progressed activities. You can take a look at the demonstration of Retained Logic as well as Progress Override options in the screen shot below.

retained logic progress override in P6

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How many activities can you have in a P6 EPPM schedule?
[price-item item_number=”6″ category=”PRICE_TABLE_CATEGORY”]So, there is a lot of question as to how many activities you can have in a P6 schedule, specifically within the web interface of P6. We can put this to rest now!

How many activities can you have in a schedule (within in the P6 web interface)?

5,000 vs. unlimited. That is the question!

Primavera Installation & Integration Solutions

There is no limit to the number of activities you can have in a project.  The web can be limited for performance reasons.  There is an admin application setting that controls the number of activities that can be displayed in the Activity View.

In the Maximum Activities per Activity View field, enter the maximum number of activities that can display in the Activities tab of the Projects section.

If greater than 5,000, the Maximum memory allocated to Java Applets setting must be 128 or greater. The default is 5,000. Enter anything from 1 – 100,000.







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Level of Effort Activity in Primavera P6
[price-item item_number=”6″ category=”PRICE_TABLE_CATEGORY”]effortLevel of Effort activity usually consists of short amounts of work that must be repeated periodically. A Level of Effort (LOE) activity has a duration which is determined by its dependent activities.


When to use Level of Effort Activity?

Level of Effort activities can be used for on-going tasks that depend on other activities. For example, you could assign level of effort activities for safety meetings (over the life of the project), clerical work, or even some aspects of project management. A project manager who manages one project or multiple projects may be assigned 1 hour/day to Level-of-Effort activities in each project to complete administrative tasks. Level of Effort is used to define the amount of work performance within a time and is measured in staff days or staff hours per day/week/month.

Note: LOE activities are not critical and therefore cannot “drive out” the finish of a project. Safety meetings don’t push the project’s finish date out, they merely span the life of the project.



Working with Level of Effort Activity in Primavera P6

The predecessors and successors are used to get dates and durations of level of effort activities performed. In order to automatically calculate these durations and dates, you need to assign FF relationship to successor and SS relationship to predecessor. After you add Level of Effort activity and create relationships, project must be rescheduled.


By default, Level of Effort activities in Gantt Chart are not visible. You must format Bars in a Gantt Chart in order to display level of effort activities.




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